The Margraves of Meissen and Landgraves of Thuringia


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Henry III. Henry III. the Illustrious (* 1218?, † 15.02.1288 in Dresden),
the son of Dietrich, was in his youth minnesinger. Later he acquired the land county Thuringia and became a promoter of the cities. He lent the own jurisdiction to Leipzig in 1263 and the right of coining money in 1273. Also the culture was promoted by him. The glossful tournaments organized by him were famous in whole Europe.
Already during lifetimes he gave parts of his possession to his sons. Albrecht received the land county Thuringia, the Pfalz Saxony (to the Unstrut, west of Naumburg) and the Pleissenland. Dietrich got the newly formed Mark Landsberg.

no picture Albrecht the Degenerate (* 1240, † 13.11.1314 in Erfurt),
married 1253 Margarethe, the daughter of emperor Frederick II., but offended her in 1270 in favor of his loved Kunigunde of Eisenberg. Since he sold or pawned parts of his country again and again, family disputes were at the agenda. When his father died in 1288, within the family started fights for the inheritance. Together with Frederick Tuta, the son of his deceased in 1285 brother Dietrich von Landsberg, he received the Mark of Meissen. One year later he sells his portion to Frederick Tuta. He already got the surname "the degenerated" during lifetimes. When he died in November 1314, his grave was not in monastery Altzella, but in Erfurt.

Frederick I. Frederick I. the Bitten (* 1257, † 1323 on the Wartburg),
When in 1291 died the king Rudolf of Habsburg and shortly after it Frederick Tuta, Frederick used the favour of the hour and achieved the Mark Meissen, before it could draw in a new king as settled len of Reich. The new king Adolf of Nassau conquered Thuringia and the Mark Meissen, so that Frederick had to flee in 1296 to Tirol. Allied with the prince opposition, he conquered the Mark back in 1298. The new king Albrecht I. of Habsburg pawned the Mark however to the bohemian king Wenzel II., until it dropped back after his death in 1305 to Albrecht. In 1306 the king forced Albrecht to fight against his sons Frederick and Diezmann. Frederick forced its father with force of arms, to resign (8.Januar 1307) and defeated together with his brother Diezmannthe king in the battle near Luckau at the 31.Mai 1307. After Diezmann was killed during a fair in the Thomas church in Leipzig, Frederick governed alone in the Mark Meissen and Thuringia. As thanks for the support in the fight for the king crown king Ludwig the Bavarian confirms 1323 the len of Reich to the House of Wettin.

no picture Frederick II. the Serious (* 1310, † 18.11.1349 on the Wartburg),
received in 1329 the government over the Mark Meissen and married Mechthild, the daughter of emperor Ludwig of Bavaria. After his death in 1347 the German king crown was offered to Frederick. He rejected in favor of Karl's IV of Luxembourg, since he was already too powerful for a fight. Frederick II. was limited to consolidate and to defend his reign against Karl. On a meeting in Bautzen in 1348 both recognized the existing possession conditions.

no picture Frederick III. the Strict (* 1332, † 26.05.1381 in Altenburg),
tutelary took over the government for his brothers William, Balthasar and Ludwig after the death of the father in 1349. One year later the emperor gave the Mark Meissen to the four brothers jointly. In 1368 began the common government, afterwards the brothers changed every two years at the point of the rule. In 1379 they dealed their possession.

no picture William I. (* 1343, † 09.02.1407 in Grimma),
received the Mark Meissen, parts of Osterland and Pleissenland on 13 November 1382 with the contract of Chemnitz. The mines of Freiberg and the coin remained joint possession. 1407 William died childless.



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