Carl Gustav Carus
(* 03.01.1789 in Leipzig, † 28.07.1869 in Dresden)
Already in the age of 22years the double doctor held lectures about comparative anatomy on the Leipzig University. 1814he was appointed as professor for birth assistance and director of the relieving hospital to Dresden, where he co-founded 1815the surgical-medical academy. 1827he was appointed by king Anton to his body physician. Carus belongs to the founders of the depth psychology. Apart from his activity as a physician Carus occupies himself with painting. His pictures are highly estimated until today.
From the long list of his publications are here only mentioned: "Text book of the Zootomie"(1818), "Text book of the gynaecology"(1820), "Fundamentals of comparative anatomy and physiology"(1828),"Psyche. About the history of the development of the soul"(1846), "Nine letters about painting of landscapes" (1819-1831).
Moritz Schreber (* 15.10.1808 in Leipzig, † 10.11.1861
The founder of the allotment movement led an orthopedic mental hospital starting from 1844. Due to his experiences made there he aimed at a reform of the physical education and an introduction of the youth gymnastic. His book "Medical indoor gymnastics" (1855) was 30 times reprinted. 1864 - three years after his death men and women from the middle class founded the "Schreberverein", in order to create a children's playground. From this developed the first allotment association - today there are thousands of it.
Stuelpner (* 30.09.1762 in Scharfenstein, †
24.09.1841 in Scharfenstein)
Stuelpner, already early without father, who died in a allotment, earned his bread by casual labour and poaching.
1780 Stuelpner became soldier. When he was surprised at poaching, he came to Chemnitz into custody. He fled from the prison into the bohemian forests.
His further life was shaped by the constant change. Times he was a soldier, then again poacher. He participated in the war against France, defected however after a wound and moved to his homeland. After the war he renewed to poach and for this was searched by the authority.
Only by the support of his numerous trailers he could escape again and again. About the "Robin Hood of the ore mountains" there are numerous legends.
(* 1465 in Pirna, † 11. August 1519 in Leipzig)
"As soon as the money sounds in the box, the soul jumps into the sky." Tetzel joined 1489 the Dominican monastery St. Pauli. Starting from 1504 he did selling of indulgences: The believers were assured assigning their sins for a payment of a money. Up to the end of the 15.th Century this had been strictly regulated, only certain sins could not be remitted by money and under any circumstances without active regret. When Rome however needed more and more money for the building of the St Peter's cathedral, these rules were gradually loosened; finally it was also possible to by indulgences for deceased.1517 Tetzel was in the church province Magdeburg, where came promptly also citizens of Wittenberg to free themselves by money from their sins instead of by genuine penalty. Luther, father confessor of many Wittenberg citizens, noticed this with bitterness; the 95 theses, which he fastened as reaction to it in Wittenberg, released the reformation. Briefly before Tetzels death Luther sent him a comfort letter.