Johann Sebastian Bach (*
21.03.1685 in Eisenach, †28.07.1750 in Leipzig)
1707 Blasiuskirche in Muehlhausen
1708-1717 yard musician in Weimar,
1717-1721 Koethen, composed among other things the Brandenburg concerts, the Solosuits for violin and cello und well-temperatured clavier
1721 Thomaskantor in Leipzig, "Matthaeuspassion" and "Johannespassion"
Lucas Cranach sen. (* 1472 in Kronach,
† 16.10.1553 in Weimar)
As a son of a painter Cranach came already early with the painting into contact. After a stay in Vienna (1501-1504) he became in the year 1505 in Wittenberg yard painter of the Elector Frederick III. the Wise.
As indication of appreciation the Elector on 06.01.1508 lent to him the coat of arms with the winged queue as family coat of arms. 1519 became Cranach city treasurer of Wittenberg, he kept a pharmacy privilege one year later.
With Martin Luther connected it a deep friendship. Where always he could, the wealthy Cranach helped the founder of the reformation. During Luther's marriage ceremony with Katharina of Bora on 13.06.1525 Cranach and his wife Barbara were loaded as witnesses at the marriage. With his illustrations to the Bible and to reformation writings he also contributed to the spreading of the new religion understanding.
1537 Cranach became mayor of Wittenberg. When his elector John Frederick was taken imprisoned in the Schmalkaldic war, Cranach followed him 1550 voluntarily into the shank.
Johann Gottlieb Fichte (* 19.
05. 1762 in Rammenau, † 19. 01. 1814),philosopher.
Study in Jena and Leipzig. The work of Kant became acquainted with by coincidence. In order to make Kant attentive on itself, it wrote its "attempt of a criticism of all revealing" in few days. It became suddenly famous and received a call to the University of Jena. Its writing "over the reason of our faith in a goettliche refusal", which registered the reproach of the Atheismus to it, however not possibly made the stay for it.
Spruce found admission in Berlin and served from then on the Prussian state. Here it held its "speeches by the German nation" in which it the Germans to moral renewal called.
Erich Emil Kaestner (*
23.02.1899 in Dresden, † 19.07.1974 in Munich)
became after the study of the Germanistik and theatre history in Leipzig of free lance writers and journalist. 1925Promotion to the Dr. phil., 1928 kinderbuch "Emil and the detectives", 1931 "Puenktchen and Anton", 1933"Der 35.Mai or Konrad travels to the South Seas "and" the flying classroom ", 1950"Das double Lottchen "
During the Nazi period as an "burned" author remained in Germany, he established himself after the war in Munich. 1951 became Kaestner president of the PEN center (WEST).
In his hometown Dresden reminds today museum of him.
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (* 22. 01. 1729 in
Kamenz, † 15. 02. 1781 in Braunschweig)
Literary critic, poet and philosopher
After the attendance of the Kamenzer the son of a minister medicine and theology in Leipzig later studied city school and the prince school in Meissen. Afterwards it worked as free writers in Berlin for several newspapers. Lively by connection to different groups of theatres it wrote first pieces of stage for these its.
Later it changed to Breslau, where it worked from 1760 to 1765 as a secretary at the general Tauentzien. it received an employment at the German national theatre to 1767 in Hamburg and 1770 as a librarian in Wolfenbuettel.
His most well-known works are: "Minna of Barnhelm" (1767), "Laokoon or over the borders of the painting and poetry" (1766) and "Nathan the wise" (1779).
Martin Luther ( * 10.11.1483 in
Eisleben, †18.02.1546 in Eisleben ), Reformator
1505 monk in Erfurt
1512 doctor of theology in Wittenberg
1517 thesis notice
1521 escape on the Wartburg
1522 return to Wittenberg
1525 marriage with the run away nun Katharina of Bora
1534 publication of the Bible in German translation
... more about Luther...
Karl May ( * 25.02. 1842 in
Ernstthal/Sachsen, † 30.03. 1912 in Dresden ),
1861 employment as teachers at the factory schools in Altchemnitz (Saxony).
1881-1887 free writer. First narrations like "Travel adventures in Kurdistan", "The karavane of death" or "Stambul".
starting from 1892 rice narrations in higher edition, under it also the novel cycle "Through the desert". 1893-1910 "Winnetou". Starting from 1895 over 60.000 copies of its novels were sold annually.
In Radebeul there is today a Karl May museum.
Erich Ohser (e.o.plauen) ( * 18.
03. 1903 in Untergettengruen im Vogtland, † 5. 04.
Creator of the picture stories "father and son". Ohser was closely friendly with Erich Kaestner and Erich Knauf, whose political opinions he divided. Occupied by the Nazis with professional disqualification, he could publish only under alias (e.o.plauen). By a house inhabitant denunziert, he was arrested on 28 March 1944 together with Knauf. To vortage main negotiation, whose result, which was actually already certain death sentence, Ohser in its cell free death selected. In a farewell letter it took on all debt, in order to relieve Knauf. In vain - Knauf is executed condemned to death.
Poeppelmann (* 3. 05. 1662 in Herford, † 17. 01.
1736 in Dresden)
Architect of the Dresden Zwinger.
Poeppelmann was active since 1680 in the planning department of Dresden and stood in the service of the extremely art-intimate and architecturally formed Augustus the strong. Since 1685 Poeppelmann led the reconstruction of the 1685 of a fire destroyed Dresden district Neustadt and sketched new building plans for the Dresden castle.
However only a part (1711-22), the Zwinger, was implemented, a building for yard festivenesses on the occasion of the wedding of the prince was established. Before commencement of construction the elector had made possible for Poeppelmann a journey to Italy, Prague and Vienna, in order to let him collect suggestions.
Beside numerous houses, which shaped the picture of baroque Dresden, he created buildings of churches like the church in Dresden Friedrichstadt (1728-30), castle Pillnitz (1720) and the hunting seat Moritzburg (1723-33).
Ludwig Renn (* 22. 04. 1889 in
Dresden; † 21. 07. 1979 in Berlin )
Ludwig Renn was born as Arnold Friedrich Vieth of Golssenau. His father was a mathematics professor and educator at the Dresden yard.
1910 officer career in the 1.Royal-Saxon infantry regiment No. 100.
1914-1918 in the First World War at the west front
1928 entry to the communist party of Germany, put down his title of nobility and called himself Ludwig Renn.
1932-1935 remand, "protective custody", penintentiary
1936 commander of the Thaelmann battalion and chief of staff of the XI. International brigade in the Spanish civil war
1940-46 exile, 1947 return to Germany
starting from 1952 free writer, military-historical and political papers, travel and life reports as well as books for children.
1928:"War", 1930: "After war", 1944:"Nobility in the fall", 1955:"The spanish war"
Peter Schreier (* 29.07.1935
With 10 years he sang under the direction of Rudolf Mauersberger, who early discovered his gift, in the Dresden Cross choir. Later the tenor studied at the Dresden college of music. 1963 he got a contract at the Berlin state opera, 1966 he sang at the Viennese state opera and in Bayreuth. The Milano Scala, the Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires, the New York Metropolitan Opera followed.
Peter Schreier was appointed in the GDR, in Bavaria and Austria the chamber singer. He is national award-winner of the GDR, carrier of the Order of Merit, received among other things the Viennese flute clock, the George Philipp Telemann price and the price of the European church music.
Not only since completion of his career as singers in the year 2000, but for the 70's "the citizen of Dresden with body and soul" is active as a conductor. ... more about Peter Schreier ...
Heinrich Schuetz (*
08.10.1585 in Koestritz, † 06.11.1672 in Dresden)
Heinrich Schuetz worked after broken off law studies and his musical training in Venice as yard organist in Kassel on the yard of land count Moritz of Hesse. 1615 the Saxon elector JohnGeorgeI. invited him as director of music to the Dresden yard. Schuetz brought the music at the Dresden yard to high level and European validity. He is considered as the creator of the German Oratorium and the first German opera.
Clara Schumann, née Wieck
(*13.09.1819 in Leipzig, † 20.05.1896 in Frankfurt/Main)
Gave with 9 years public concerts in the Leipzig Gewandhaus and was soon famous in entire Europa for her emotional and sensitive play.
1837 engagement and 1840 marriage with Robert Schumann, bore him eight children, nourished with their concert journeys the family
1844-1850 Dresden, thereafter Duesseldorf
After the death of her man in 1856 resumpted her career as pianist. 1878 line of a master class at the conservatoire in Frankfurt/Main.
Robert Schumann (*
08.06.1810 in Zwickau, † 29.07.1856 near Bonn)
1840 he married Clara Schumann, née Wieck.
1840 honorary doctor at the university of Jena.
1843 Schumann created the Leipziger music conservatoire, where he teached
Schumann also created four symphonies, several overtures, songs, ballads and numerous pieces of piano music. Above all his piano music represent the peak of his work: the piano concert in A-minor as well as the "pieces of fantasy" and the "child scenes" with the famous "fantasy".
Gottfried Semper (* 29.
November 1803 in Hamburg, † 15. Mai 1879 in Rome)
1839-49 professor for architecture at the building school of the academy of arts in Dresden
Here he created among other things the opera ("Semperoper", built 1838-41), the synagog and the picture gallery (1847-50). After the March revolution 1848 he had to leave Germany, he went to Paris, London, Zurich and Vienna.
Richard Wagner (* 22.5.1813
Leipzig, † 13.2.1883 Venice)
1831 music study at the University of Leipzig,
1834-42 unsteady life, partly in poverty in Magdeburg, Koenigsberg, Riga, Norway, London, Paris
1842 triumphale premiere of the "Rienzi" in Dresden layed the foundation stone of his fame.
1843 director of music of the royal saxon yard
1849 Dresden May rebellion on the side of the rebels and escape into Switzerland.
1858 short stays in Venice, Luzern, Vienna, Paris, Biebrich (near Wiesbaden), Berlin.
1864 he achieved the favour of the Bavarian king Ludwig II., who paid his debts and supported him also further.
1872 Bayreuth laying of the foundation stone for the festspielhaus, which was inaugurated 1876.
1882 Wagner moved for the re-establishment of his health to Venice, where he died 1883.
Carl Maria von
Weber (* 20.12.1786 in Eutin bei Holstein, †
05.06.1826 in London )
His operas "Euryanthe" and "Oberon" are world-famous and "Der Freischuetz" ranks among the usually-played operas of Germany.
1800 he turned to the music. Concert journeys to Switzerland, to Prague, Leipzig, Gotha, Weimar, Frankfurt, Dresden, Nuernberg, Bamberg and to Berlin.
1813 director of opera of the theatre in Prague
1816 director of music of the German opera in Dresden
1826 Weber died in London
1844 by the Iniative of Richard Wagner buried in Dresden.